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Press Release
Media Contact: 800-787-7223 or press@space-frontier.org
$250,000 Prize Announced for First Private Rocket to Space

CATS Prize logo
"If we are ever going to open the space frontier to more than a few elite government employees called 'astronauts', then we need cheap access to space."
Los Angeles, CA, November 18, 1997
– Two not-for-profit groups jointly announced a $250,000 prize for the first private team to launch a 2 kilogram payload into space, 200 km or higher, within the next three years. Called the Cheap Access to Space (CATS) Prize, the Space Frontier Foundation and FINDS, the Foundation for the International Non-governmental Development of Space, want to show that space is not purely the domain of governments.

"We are trying to send a message that governments don't open frontiers, people do," said Space Frontier Foundation president Rick Tumlinson. "If we are ever going to open the space frontier to more than a few elite government employees called 'astronauts', then we need cheap access to space. The current government-based space industry is not getting us there quickly enough."

The two groups believe this prize will incite creativity and spark new minds to think about the challenges of doing things in space cheaply. Noting that almost every current space launcher is government-designed or was originally built to serve government purposes, the groups are willing to bet that the symbolism of average people building their own rockets will help end what they see as a government stranglehold on access to space. To that end, prize contestants may not use direct or indirect government funding for their vehicle.

"From the golden age of exploration to Lindbergh's flight across the Atlantic, prizes have inspired imaginations and helped knock down barriers," stated Tumlinson. "We want to find and inspire the future Henry Fords and Thomas Edisons of space...and they came from the private sector, not the government."

The Space Frontier Foundation will manage the competition for FINDS, a 7 million dollar endowment that has fully funded the prize. The prize was announced by Tumlinson at the Space Frontier Foundation's sixth annual conference last week. Endorsing the idea at the event was Dr. Harrison Schmitt of Apollo 17 fame and Dr. Thomas F. Rogers of the Space Transportation Association.

The Space Frontier Foundation is an organization of people dedicated to opening the Space Frontier to human settlement as rapidly as possible. Our goals include protecting the Earth's fragile biosphere and creating a freer and more prosperous life for each generation by using the unlimited energy and material resources of space. Our purpose is to unleash the power of free enterprise and lead a united humanity permanently into the Solar System.

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The High Frontier is Gerard K. O'Neill's masterpiece. This new 3rd Edition Includes an introduction by Freeman Dyson.
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The Frontier Enabling Test
Our definition of a "frontier enabling" technology or policy is one which has as its effect the acceleration of the creation of low cost access to the space frontier for private citizens and companies, enables or accelerates our use of space resources, and/or accelerates the rate at which wealth can be generated in space. In other words, is the project or policy going to provide a return on the national investment, if we define "return" to be the economically sustainable human habitation of space?

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