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Other Voices
The Space Frontier Foundation believes that the permanent human habitation of space can only be accomplished by unleashing true free enterprise. We are not alone in that belief, and we salute these "Other Voices" in the debate about how we should explore, develop, and settle the endless frontier of space.
Space is a Place...
Imagine it is June 8, 1958, and that you are the Chief Scientist of the four-month old Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). Only eight months have passed since the Soviet Union shocked the world on October 4, 1957, by launching the world's first artificial satellite – Sputnik. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has been created in response but has not formally started work yet, although ARPA, the Army and the Air Force have urgently starting to work on various space projects. You are facing the press live on CBS's Face the Nation TV show, and question after question is anxiously posed about how the U.S. is going to catch up: "Why isn't the whole space program in one agency? Doesn't there have to be a single space czar if we are to have any hope of ever catching the Russians?"
Your response is simply that "Space is a Place, Not a Program."1
Dr. Herbert York's statement that night remains to this day a profoundly powerful way to view our space activities, and the Space Frontier Foundation has used it as one of our rallying cries since 1988. Rather than hoping for a single, monolithic program run by NASA to explore space for us, we believe that the only way that the arena of space can be fully developed is if a multitude of efforts take place there. And just as on Earth, individual effort and free enterprise must play their role. If people are to routinely live and work in space, then it truly must become just a "place."
1 This story was taken from York, Herbert F., Making Weapons, Talking Peace: A Physicist's Odyssey from Hiroshima to Geneva, New York: Basic Books, 1987, (Alfred P. Sloan Foundation series), p. 160. Dr. York is currently director emeritus of the University of California at San Diego's Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation.
More "Other Voices"
Comment about the "Space Program" by Dr. Herbert F. York on CBS's Face The Nation, June 8, 1958
Testimony of the late Charles "Pete" Conrad, Jr. (Capt., USN, retired) on the future of space development, given before the U.S. Congress on October 1, 1998
Speech by Robert Bigelow (CEO, Bigelow Aerospace) at the NASA HabModule Commercialization Conference, August 24-26, 1999
Keynote Address by NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin at the Space Frontier Foundation's 8th annual conference, September 24, 1999

The Space Frontier Foundation is an organization of people dedicated to opening the Space Frontier to human settlement as rapidly as possible. Our goals include protecting the Earth's fragile biosphere and creating a freer and more prosperous life for each generation by using the unlimited energy and material resources of space. Our purpose is to unleash the power of free enterprise and lead a united humanity permanently into the Solar System.

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The High Frontier is Gerard K. O'Neill's masterpiece. This new 3rd Edition Includes an introduction by Freeman Dyson.
Click above to order The High Frontier from Amazon.com.

The Frontier Enabling Test
Our definition of a "frontier enabling" technology or policy is one which has as its effect the acceleration of the creation of low cost access to the space frontier for private citizens and companies, enables or accelerates our use of space resources, and/or accelerates the rate at which wealth can be generated in space. In other words, is the project or policy going to provide a return on the national investment, if we define "return" to be the economically sustainable human habitation of space?

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