Space Frontier Foundation

Advocate Handbook








Our Vision Statement

Who We Are

Our Mission: What Weíre Trying to Achieve

Key Goals:

The Frontier Enabling Test: Does the Foundation Support It?

Brief History

Foundation Accomplishments

How the Space Frontier Foundation is Organized

Roles in the Space Frontier Foundation


How the Space Frontier Foundation Operates

Review process for publishing using the Foundationís name

Starting or running a project

Developing policy

Relationship Between the Foundation and Other Organizations


FINDS: Foundation for International Non Governmental Development of Space

Space Studies Institute


Point of Contact Information for Projects and Infrastructure (Updated Quarterly)

Active Projects

Inactive Projects

Foundation Project "Wish List"

Ongoing Infrastructure Tasks

Inactive Infrastructure Tasks

Whoís Who: Foundation Leaders

Foundation Resources Available for Advocate Use (Updated Quarterly)



Our Vision Statement

The Space Frontier Foundation is an organization of people dedicated to opening the Space Frontier to human settlement as rapidly as possible.

Our goals include protecting the Earth's fragile biosphere and creating a freer and more prosperous life for each generation by using the unlimited energy and material resources of space.

Our purpose is to unleash the power of free enterprise and lead a united humanity permanently into the Solar System.


Who We Are

The Space Frontier Foundation is a media and policy organization of space activists, scientists and engineers, media and political professionals, entrepreneurs, and citizens from all backgrounds. We are transforming space from a series of government-owned bureaucratic programs into a dynamic and inclusive frontier open to all people. After all, space is a place, not a program. We are determined to convert the image held by many young people that the future will be worse than the present, and reject the idea that our greatest moments are in the past.

Our central goal is the large-scale permanent settlement of space. We believe all people have the "right stuff" and that everyone will benefit from opening the space frontier. We believe our civilization is on the verge of a truly historic achievement - cheap access to space - and that free markets and free enterprise will become the unstoppable force.

We are changing the basic assumptions about space. Foundation speakers present a future that excites and inspires people, and through awards and briefings, our ideas are driving the portrayal of space into new directions. We are creating a new popular image of space as a frontier that is open for human settlement.


Our Mission: What Weíre Trying to Achieve

The Space Frontier Foundation has one primary objective from which a series of key goals are derived. The primary objective is large-scale permanent settlement of space. Large-scale settlement cannot be achieved by a government-owned bureaucratic space program. Making large-scale space settlements a reality requires the power of private industry, many people and companies competing with each other to build space-based industries.


Key Goals:

- Change the conversation about space: Work with individuals that can reach many people (such as writers, teachers, producers, actors, etc.) and share our vision of an open space frontier, and show them how they can be involved in changing that conversation. We want to change the belief held by the majority that only governments are capable of operating in space.

- Support Cheap Access to Space: Significantly lowering the cost of launching a payload into space is currently the largest Foundation project and is where we have focused much of our effort during the past few years. Without reliable, routine, low cost access to space, there cannot be an open frontier.

- Change the governmentís role in space: The Foundation is working actively to migrate the worldís space agencies away from space operations and towards research and development. Our objective is to see governments focusing on developing long-lead, high-risk technologies and support emerging markets by purchasing data and/or services in markets where space operations are routine.

- Promote the development of space-based private sectors: A keystone concept that the Foundation is based upon is the development of a large space based commercial industry. We support any activities that help achieve this goal.

The Frontier Enabling Test: Does the Foundation Support It?

The Foundation has devised the "Frontier Enabling Test", used in addition to its mission statement to determine whether the Foundation will support or oppose an issue.

The Frontier Enabling Test defines a frontier enabling technology as one that:

- accelerates the creation of low cost access to the space frontier for private citizens and companies;

- enables or accelerates our use of local space resources; and/or

- accelerates the rate at which wealth can be generated in space.


Recent Example Policy Positions

The Frontier Enabling Test has been applied to a wide variety of issues. Below is a brief sample of Foundation policy positions on recent issues and their rationale.

- X Vehicles: Dan Goldin (NASAís Administrator), has stated that he wants to "blacken the skies" with X Vehicles, a concept that the Foundation helped develop and promotes actively. The Foundation worked hard to support the DC-X and helped create the X-33.

However, we are not satisfied with one giant X-33 program, leading as it well might to one de-facto national space vehicle. We believe that only competitive launch markets can spark the innovation that leads to true low cost and routine access to space. Therefore, we support a variety of different initiatives, and many potential players in this field. We seek to support and seed both the markets for space transportation services, and also the technological and regulatory environment that is needed to provide those services.

- X-38 (The Crew Return Vehicle): The Foundation understands the need for NASA to learn innovative and low cost methods of working, but we opposed the start up of the X-38 program, as it was not focused on developing new technologies and put a government agency back into the role of developing and operating its own vehicles. Currently the Foundation supports a complete hand off of the project to the private sector. Knowing there are several approaches being developed for such vehicles by different industry teams, and the need for markets to be created for these new firms, we encourage NASA to hire contracting firms to fulfill its space station emergency rescue needs.

- Bantam: The Foundation considered opposing the original Bantam program since it also had a government agency development of an operational vehicle. In this case opposing the program was less of a clear issue for the Foundation because contracts were awarded to small commercial launch vehicle companies, companies that the Foundation tries to actively support. We therefore, did not go public with our concerns.


Brief History

The Space Frontier Foundation was created in 1988 by individuals dedicated to the opening the space frontier to human settlement as rapidly as possible. These space activists had concluded that no existing organization was signed up to the task. Most citizenís space groups were trying to promote the current space program; those few entities working seriously to advance the human settlement of space were focused on research (e.g. the Space Studies Institute) or some other non-advocacy function.

Foundation Accomplishments

1988 - 1990

- Return to the Moon petition drive: volunteers collected over 60,000 signatures on a petition calling for a permanent return to the moon. Signatures were delivered to the White House, prior to Bushís Apollo 11 anniversary Moon-Mars speech. Petition was successful at attracting media coverage.


- Foundation granted the rights to market The High Frontier, an award-winning book on space industrialization and colonization by Dr. Gerard K. OíNeill. The Foundation is committed to keeping this book in print and available to the public.


- Foundation criticizes NASA and the floundering Space Station program in the New York Times, Aviation Week and on talk radio. The Foundation fights to have an external tank-based station considered as a low cost alternative.

- Foundation begins its crusade for Cheap Access to Space (CATS)


- Foundation sets up an office in Houston

- Noting failure of Freedom Space Station project to date, the Foundation calls for U.S. to buy or lease Russian space station components.


- First annual conference held in Houston in March. Conference includes a keynote address by House Space Subcommittee Chairman Ralph Hall.

- Foundation focuses on supporting DC-X, and along with allies is instrumental several times in saving funding for the DC-X program.


- Working with a coalition of other pro-space groups and individual experts, the Foundation succeeds in stopping NASAís pre-1994 plans to maintain its monopoly on human space flight well into the 21st century.

- Foundation succeeds in defining Cheap Access to Space as the primary goal for federal investments in space transportation technology.

- The Foundations starts publishing its quarterly journal Space Front.

- Foundation is critically involved in securing NASA Administrator Dan Goldinís financial support for the DC-X, leading to the creation of NASAís follow on project, the X-33.


- Foundation begins distributing a series of short, thought-provoking essays to generate excitement about the incredible possibilities awaiting in space. Know as the Frontier Files, these have been distributed via the Internet to thousands of people across the world.

- Foundation devises a new strategy for bringing NASAís International Space Station in line with our agenda via the concept of "Alphatown", the first human town in space.



- One of the Foundationís founding Chairman joins the staff of the leading Congressional DC-X advocate, and the vice-president joins the staff of an important Senate committee.

- Foundationís President is invited to testify on NASA restructuring before the House Science Committee.

- Foundation helps organize the first-ever public seminar in Congress on "A Citizenís Space Policy". The Speaker of the House (Newt Gingrich) voices his support of several Foundation themes, including space settlement, space tourism, space based commercial manufacturing, and privatizing the shuttle.

- Foundation has 9 citizens come to Washington, DC to personally brief Members of Congress on a citizenís space policy. The nine people brief 52 members of Congress on Cheap Access to Space, the X-33 RLV program, and space commercialization. The result is full funding for X-33 in a year when Congress rejected most NASA new starts, and an appropriation for RLV research and development in the Air Force.

- Annual conference is moved to Los Angeles to better reach the media capital of the world.

- The "Star Council" is created and filmed by the Sci/Fi Channelís Inside Space program at the conference. Inside Space also films a series of group conversations about space.

- The Foundationís President appears on all three US National television networks, and the television show "Politically Incorrect".



- Foundation office is moved to Los Angeles.

- ProSpace, the Foundationís citizen lobbying organization is formed:

- 40 citizens brief 203 congressional offices.

- Sci/Fi Channelís Inside Space program films ProSpace volunteers briefing Congress and dedicates an episode to the event.

- Seminar is held in the House of Representatives and a breakfast in the U.S. Senate.

- Foundation Board of Advisors member testifies about Alphatown to the House Science Committee and is received very positively.

- Two Foundation leaders talk on Science Friday, a National Public Radio one-hour radio show, about our future in space.

- Annual conference registration tops 140 people

- Inside Space films their second Star Council.

- FINDS (Foundation for the International Non Governmental Development of Space) is formed by several foundation leaders and funded by an $5 million dollar fund.

- The Foundation ends its U.S. only focus and begins outreach to interested individuals world wide.



- Foundation President testifies before a U.S. Congressional House committee on the International Space Station.

- Foundation receives a $100,000 grant from NASA to hold the Cheap Access to Space seminar in Washington, DC in July. Conference is attended by (TBS) journalists and (TBS) people.

- Foundation receives a grant from Phillips Laboratories to hold a conference on Military Space planes and its implications for Cheap Access to Space.

- FINDS announces its first prize, the $250K Cheap Access to Space Prize and asks the Foundation to administer and promote the prize.


Media Successes

One of our main jobs is getting the word out about the incredible future awaiting us in space. Foundation spokespeople can be heard on local radio stations presenting our call for an open frontier in space. To date, hundreds of appearances on radio have been made. On the national and international level, Foundationers have been seen on, heard on, and published in:

- ABCís World News Tonight

- Aviation Week and Space Technology

- BBC Radio

- CBS Morning News


- Houston Business Journal

- Houston Chronicle

- Los Angeles Times

- London Guardian

- New York Times

- Politically Incorrect

- Readerís Digest

- Reason Magazine

- Science Friday on National Public Radio

- Scientific American

- Space News

- Wall Street Journal

- Washington Post


How the Space Frontier Foundation is Organized


Roles in the Space Frontier Foundation

There are four ways that individuals can be involved with the Space Frontier Foundation: Members, Advocates, Board of Directors and Board of Advisors.

What is a Member?


Members are people who have heard about the Foundation and want to be follow what the Foundation is doing without making a greater commitment. Members receive copies of Space Front in addition to periodic direct mailings distributed by the Foundation.




Annual dues of at least $25 in the United States and $35 overseas.

Nomination and Removal Process


What is an Advocate?


Advocates are the core group that defines the Foundation. Advocates are the "doers" that makes the Foundation a successful organization. They are leaders of the conspiracy to open the frontier. Advocates are expected to be very involved with the Foundation, giving generously in time and/or money to help achieve the goal of a free and open space frontier. Advocates do this by working on existing Foundation projects or starting new projects if appropriate, helping develop to policy and representing the Foundation to anyone who will listen. They are encouraged to make people aware of the Foundation and its views through public speaking and publications. Advocates form the core group from which future Board Members are selected and project leaders emerge.


- Making sure Board Members are aware of possible new Advocates and helping to bring in new people into the Foundation.

- Represent the Foundation in a professional manner

- Elect the Board of Directors

- Work with the Policy Committee to develop Foundation policy if desired

- Support existing Foundation projects or start and lead a new project that is approved by the Board.


All Advocates agree to a very specific set of values about how we are going

to get our free and open space frontier. Advocates understand the objectives of the Foundation, agree with the vision and the Frontier Enabling test and are willing to donate significant time and money to the Foundation. All Advocates are actively doing something to open the space frontier - either within the Foundation or in their jobs. Advocate dues are $120 per year.

Nomination & Removal Process

The Board of Directors uses a system of personal invitations to bring in Advocates. First, anyone wanting to become an Advocate needs to be nominated by two members of the Board of Directors. Both of those nominating Directors will need to interview the candidate about their agreement with and understanding of our values, their willingness to pay dues, and their willingness to volunteer. Once nominated, Advocates must be approved by a unanimous vote of the Board of Directors. Finally, Advocates are required to have an Internet connection to maintain communications.

Advocates are expected to act in a professional and ethical manner. In extremely rare instances, the Board (only upon unanimous vote) may decide to remove an Advocate.


What is a Board of Directors Member?


The Board of Directors is the leadership body that set the goals for the organization and guides project and infrastructure leaders who are managing the day-to-day activities of the Foundation.


- Set strategic and tactical goals for the organization

- Managing and overseeing project leaders and officers

- Raising funds for the Foundation from individuals, corporations and governmental agencies

- Communicating with Advocates, understanding and resolving Advocate concerns

- Doing their best possible to remove any barriers to success that the Advocates identify

- Bringing in new people to the Foundation

- Nominate and approve Advocates and Advisors

- Officially represent the Foundation to the Media and other public forums


Directors must be current Advocates who have shown a significant commitment to the Foundation, and demonstrated leadership characteristics.

Nomination and Removal Process

The Board of Directorís membership is officially set at the Foundationís annual conference, although the Board may decide to fill a vacant position at any time during the year. Unanimous agreement is required by the Board of Directors to add a new member.

In the annual process, the current Board identifies potential candidates for the Board from the Advocates and provides its recommendation to the Advocates via the BBS. The Boardís recommendations are provided at least 30 days prior to the annual conference for comment, discussion and revision if appropriate. A final Board of Directors slate is presented to the Advocates for vote at the Advocate meeting, held as part of the annual conference.

Board Members may step down at any time or be removed by the rest of the Board.

What is a Board of Advisors Member?


- Add credibility to the Space Frontier Foundation by their presence. The Foundationís vision of a free and open frontier in space are at times seen as unachievable or extraordinary to some people. Having respected, credible people on the Board of Advisors helps add credibility to the Foundation by their association.

- Demonstrate or instantiate the Space Frontier Foundationís vision and policies by who they are and/or what policies they support. Be living proof of the goals, visions and policies of the Foundation, and/or people who believe in and talk about the importance of opening the space frontier for all people. Represent the mix of disciplines and industries necessary to achieve a sustainable space faring civilization.

- Provide guidance and advise to the Board of Directors. Through their experience, knowledge, and background help make the policies, strategies and/or operations of the Foundation more effective.

- Provide the Space Frontier Foundation with assistance in achieving their goals. Help remove barriers to success for the Foundation where possible and practical.



- Advise the Board of Directors on policy, strategy and/or operations. Be available to the Board of Directors for occasional communications on specific topics, and/or contact the Board of Directors to provide recommendations on strategies, targets of opportunity, etc. The Board of Advisors provides an honest and constructive sounding board to review the Foundationís ideas and plans.

- Help provide entree for the Space Frontier Foundation. Help the Foundation achieve its goals by a variety of means which can include: resources, introductions, publicity, helping sway popular opinion, etc.



- Respected within their professional community

- Aligned with the Space Frontier Foundationís vision

- Representative of the Space Frontier Foundationís vision

- Willing to help remove barriers to the success of the foundation

- Represent an industry that does not already dominate the Board of Advisors


Nomination & Removal Process

- Recommendation made by a member of the Board of Advisors or Board of Directors

- Brief presentation on how recommendation helps achieve the role and responsibilities of the Board of Advisors

- Board of Director assigned to discuss recommendation with current or potential Board of Advisors

- Recommendation voted on by the Board of Directors, full consensus vote required



How the Space Frontier Foundation Operates


Review process for publishing using the Foundationís name

One of the key activities of the Foundation performs continuously is getting the word out in various publications. All Advocates are encouraged to write OpEds and similar material, and contact media to get the material published. However, any material that is going to be printed representing an official Space Frontier Foundation position, or written under a Foundation byline must be reviewed by either James Muncy, Rick Tumlinson or Bob Werb prior to publication. The author chooses his/her own reviewer, and the reviewer will consult with other relevant people on an as-needed basis. The author is required to send a copy of the final product (if available) to the Public Affairs Office. Press releases or advertising for a Foundation event is performed by the Public Affairs Office.

"Cultural Cruise Missiles"

There are a variety of phrases that the Foundation has developed and/or uses frequently that characterize our policy. Advocates are encouraged to include these in their writings or public presentations. Some of these phrases are:

- Return to the moon: this time to stay

- No more flags and footprints missions

- Cheap access to space

- Space is a place, not a program

Starting or running a project

Any Advocate is free to start a new project as long as it supports the Foundationís vision and passes the Frontier Enabling Test. An Advocate interested in starting a project should discuss the project with a Board Member and/or the entire Board of Directors, and plan on presenting a proposal to the Board for approval. Advocates are required to raise their own funding to support the financial needs of the project. Project Leaders will be asked to periodically report to the Board of Directors as to their progress.

A viable project must include the following:

- Subject

- Defined goals

- Leader and team members if appropriate

- Budget


Developing policy

Advocates are encouraged to help the Foundation develop policy positions, by providing input to the Policy Committee and/or review of draft policy positions. Interested Advocates should contact any member of the Policy Committee and are encouraged to discuss issues on the Advocate BBS. The Policy Committee has sole responsibility for finalizing any Foundation policy positions.

Relationship Between the Foundation and Other Organizations



The Foundation is responsible for developing and promoting a vision, developing and communicating policies, and education. One of the Foundationís sister organizations, ProSpace, was created to develop and promote legislation. The Foundation develops the vision, ProSpace works to implement the legislative aspects of the vision.

ProSpace started as a Foundation project, and was spun off into its own organization in 1996. ProSpace is a 501-C4 organization, with its own officers and Board of Directors. Their primary project is March Storm where citizens promote their own space agenda to Members of Congress. ProSpace is led by Charles Miller.


FINDS: Foundation for International Non Governmental Development of Space

FINDS is what the IRS designates as a "non-operating endowment" dedicated to catalyzing the development of space via the strategic award of grants and prizes to projects that have a direct effect on our move into space. FINDS was created in 1996 by Rick Tumlinson and Walt Anderson, and was funded by a $5 million dollar endowment of stocks and cash. With a current value of around $7 millions dollars, FINDS has made donations of cash and equipment to Carnegie Mellon Institute for their Lunar Rover project, the Space Studies Institute for their sub-kilogram asteroid exploring robots project, and the Space Frontier Foundation for its ongoing work in media and policy. FINDS is underwriting the $250K CATS Prize, which will be operated and managed by the Foundation.

Space Studies Institute

Founding members of the Space Frontier Foundation derived much of their initial inspiration from the Space Studies Institute, and continues to maintain a close relationship. A signification portion of the Space Studies Institute Board of Directors are members of the Foundationís Board of Advisors.


Point of Contact Information for Projects and Infrastructure (Updated Quarterly)


Active Projects

The Foundation achieves success through its projects. All Advocates are encouraged to work on a project. Either support an ongoing active project, restart an inactive project or develop a new project.


- Cheap Access to Space

An overarching project of the Foundation, the project goal is to significantly lower the cost of space access. There is no single project leader, different aspects are being managed by a variety of people. Point of contact is Bob Werb.


- Alphatown

Project goal is to change the International Space Station into the first town in space. Project Leader is Ben Muniz.


- High Frontier Marketing

Produce, promote and sell OíNeillís "The High Frontier". Project leader is Bob Werb.


Inactive Projects

All of the following are projects that have been active at some point and the Foundation is interested in trying to revive these projects. Any Advocate is welcome to work to restart any of these projects.


- CASE (Center for American Space Enterprise)

Project goals is to develop a Washington based policy center for commercial space development. Project needs funding to be restarted. Point of contact is Jim Muncy.


- Frontier Files

Series of essays designed to inform the Internet public about the incredible opportunities awaiting us in space. Essays are delivered once per week. Project needs leader willing to write and distribute the essays. Twenty-six finished essays exist along with distribution lists that would need to be expanded. Point of contact is Bob Werb.


- Wall Street Luncheon Series

Project is directed at Wall Street investors and is designed to provide a forum for executives in the financial, business and legal professions to gain a better understanding of the dynamics of emerging space business venture. Point of contact is Steve Wolf


Foundation Project "Wish List"

Project leaders are being sought for the following projects.


- Near Earth Objects

Point of contact: Bob Werb or Rick Tumlinson.

- Space Solar Power

Point of contact: Bob Werb or Rick Tumlinson.

- Return to the Moon

Point of contact: Bob Werb or Rick Tumlinson.

- Space Settlements

Point of contact: Bob Werb or Rick Tumlinson.


Ongoing Infrastructure Tasks

All of the following tasks are performed as part of keeping the Foundation operating. All are active, but always need help and could be more effective.

- Fundraising

The Foundation would like to significantly increase its fundraising capability. Point of contact is Charles Miller.


- Web Page

The web page is updated frequently to provide information on the activities of the Foundation, and is also an archive for some documents and the location of the private Advocate discussion area and Advocate locator. The Foundation would like to expand and enhance its Web presence. The Webmaster and point of contact is Michael K. Heney.


- Public Affairs Office

The Foundation would like to be more effective at being viewed as the leading expert on public policy and business initiatives leading to expanded opportunities for the commercialization of space. We also want to get out message out at all levels, and encourage Advocates to publish in their local papers, and do public speaking at business and social events such as Kiwanis, Science Clubs, and local space groups. For this purpose we are creating a Foundation slide presentation. Point of contact: Ben Muniz

- Space Front

Volunteers are always needed to write articles for Space Front. Point of contact: Rick Tumlinson

- Space Frontier Foundation Annual Conference(s)

Volunteers are always needed to manage and execute the wide variety of tasks leading up to one of the conferences. Point of contact: Rick Tumlinson


Inactive Infrastructure Tasks

- Archiving and Maintenance

The Foundation needs a person willing to keep master copies of all Foundation materials and keep them current and available for Advocateís use. Tasks needs a person willing to perform this task with Internet and fax access. Point of contact is Kerinia Cusick.


- Corporate Secretary

The Foundation is currently without a secretary, an officer position. The task requires attending the Board of Directors meetings, capturing the minutes and distributing to appropriate parties. Point of contact is Bob Werb.


- White Papers

The Foundation needs more white papers generated on each of the primary policy positions. Point of contact is David Anderman.


Whoís Who: Foundation Leaders

Officers, etc.:

- Chairman: Bob Werb

- President: Rick Tumlinson

- Treasurer: George French

- Legal Council: Pat Gibbs

- Advocate Coordinator: Jeff Krukin

- Advisor Liaison: Kerinia Cusick

Board Members:

- Kerinia Cusick

- George French

- Jeff Krukin

- Charles Miller

- Benigno Muniz, Jr.

- Rick Tumlinson

- Bob Werb

Policy Committee:

- David Anderman

- James Muncy

- Rick Tumlinson

- Charles Miller

Board of Advisors:

- Walt Anderson, President Esprit Telecom

- Dave Brody, Producer Sci-Fi Channel

- Dr. Philip Chapman, Center for Enterprise in Space

- Charles "Pete" Conrad- Astronaut

- Freeman Dyson- Space Studies Institute

- Rene Echevaria, Producer "Deep Space Nine"

- Mike Fried- UC Irvine Professor

- Dr. George Friedman- Space Studies Institute

- David Gump- Luna Corp

- Dr. Max Hunter- Rocket Designer

- Charles Lauer- Peregrine Properties, Ltd.

- Dr. John Lewis- Author

- Tom Rogers- Sophron Foundation

- J. Michael Straczynski- Producer "Babylon 5"

- Frank White- Author

- Herman Zimerman- Chief Designer "Star Trek"

- Dr. Robert Zubrin- Pioneer Rocket Plane


Foundation Resources Available for Advocate Use (Updated Quarterly)


- Bylaws (available for reference)

Point of contact: Pat Gibbs

- Advocate Handbook

Point of contact: Kerinia Cusick

- Slide show

Under construction

- Brochure

Under construction

- Space Frontier Foundation Development Folders

Point of contact: Charles Miller

- Cheap Access to Space Brochure (July, 1997 in Washington DC)

Point of contact: David Anderman

- Web page-

Point of contact: Mike Heney


- The Advocate Bulletin Board

Available only to current Advocates, requiring an account name and password. Contact the Webmaster or Advocate Coordinator for logon information.


- The Advocate Information Lookup

Advocate contact information can be found at:


- Back Issues of Space Front

Point of contact: Rick Tumlinson


- Publication Summary (Publication Name, Date, Article Title)

- The Guardian, 10/18/98, "Star Trek to Profit"

- Wall Street Journal, 4/8/97, "NASA Shouldnít Be a Landlord"

- Space News, 3/24/97, NASAís Wall Against Wall Street"

- Space News, 3/24/97, "A Flying Contradiction"

- Space News, 2/17/97, "Focus on Reusable Launchers Intensifies"

- Space News, 2/10/97, "Panel Faults Commercial Plan of NASA"

- Space News, 1/20/97, "Solutions Beget More Problems"

- Space News, 9/23/96, "Cutting Off Your Nose to Spite Your Face"

- Aviation Week and Space Technology, 6/12/95, "Woodpeckers Have Brought NASAís Armchair Advisers and Critics out of the Woodwork"

- Space News, 8/5/96, "Fire Dampens Outlook for Clipper Program"

- Houston Business Journal, 1/19/96, "Space Center Houston: Focus on Future Instead of Past"

- Readerís Digest, 1/96, "Points to Ponder"

- Space News, 10/9/95, "First Human Town in Space"

- Westside Weekly, 10/6/95, "Space for the Everyman"

- The New York Times, 6/19/95, "Companies Hope to Build Rocket That Would Take Off and Land Vertically"

- Orange County Register, 6/9/95, "NASA: Budget Cuts Prompt Fight Between Competing Space Programs"

- Houston Chronicle, 5/14/97, "Storm Clouds Roil Over NASA"

- Daily News, 3/22/95, "Lost in Space"

- Los Angeles Times, 7/20/94, "Wagons Ho! The Peopleís Space Frontier Beckons"

- The Washington Times, 7/20/94, "If We Can Put a Man on the Moon, Why Canít We Put a Man on the Moon?"

- The Washington Times, 6/29/94, "NASAís Space Station is Nothing Like Ronald Reaganís Vision"

- Omni, 10/93, "Never Trust a Space Agency Over 30: Making the Case That NASA is out of Touch and out of Time"

- Houston Chronicle, 9/20/93, "U.S. Love Affair with Space Reborn...Maybe"

- Los Angeles Times, 3/27/92, "A New Door, Some Rewiring, and Off We Go"

- The Houston Post, 3/21/92, "U.S. Should Use Mir Space Station in Return for Aid, Lawmaker Says"

- The New York Times, 4/23/90, "No Horrible Design Flaw in the Space Station"

- USA Today, 5/23/89, "Moon Shot Sought"

- Gazette Telegraph, 5/31/88, "Firm Seeks Riches in Space Garbage, Moon-Minted Jewelry"

- Gazette Telegraph, 5/30/88, "Selling of Space Failing"

(section not complete)



Revision Process: This document is a draft version of the Advocates Handbook. Version 1.0 will be published 2 months after the conference (by 1/15/98). Comments, suggestions, requested changes need to be sent to Kerinia Cusick by 1/3/98. Use this form to capture issues that you have with the document. Feel free to make copies of this page if necessary.


Reviewer Name:

Contact Phone number:

Contact e-mail:

Issue Reference (Page #, Line #)

Issue Statement (Statement of the problem) & recommended solution if available

Importance (H, M, L)


Send Revision Request Forms to: Kerinia Cusick 805-581-4463 voice;

805-581-2420 fax;; 1319 Gonzales Rd., Simi Valley, CA 93063